Management As A Process: Defining
What is management as a process? Management as a process refers to a systematic and coordinated approach that managers undertake to achieve organizational objectives.
It involves various interrelated activities that managers perform, such as planning, organizing, directing, and controlling, to effectively utilize resources and guide the efforts of individuals toward achieving desired outcomes.
In this process, managers diagnose the needs and goals of the organization, develop plans and strategies to accomplish them and coordinate the allocation of resources and tasks. They act as leaders, providing guidance and motivation to employees, and ensuring that work is performed in line with established plans and standards.
Management as a process emphasizes the importance of following systematic steps and maintaining coordination among various functions to drive the organization toward success. It enables managers to harness the potential of both human and non-human resources to accomplish desired goals and fulfill the purpose of the organization.
Elements of Management As A Process
As a process, management can be studied in the following aspects.
Management is a Social Process
Management is indeed a social process as it revolves around building and nurturing relationships among people. While financial resources are important, the role of human resources cannot be overlooked.
Management focuses on creating a supportive and harmonious work environment where employees can thrive and contribute effectively to organizational goals. It recognizes the significance of employee well-being and emphasizes the development of healthy relationships within the organization.
By fostering positive interactions and teamwork, management ensures that the social aspect of the workplace enhances productivity and overall success.
Management is an Integrated Process
Management is an integrated process that involves the harmonious collaboration of human, physical, and financial resources to achieve organizational objectives. It focuses on bringing together different elements and aligning them towards a common purpose.
By integrating human resources, management ensures that employees work together effectively as a team. Additionally, it ensures the optimal utilization of financial resources to support organizational goals.
The integrated nature of management emphasizes the need for coordination and synergy among various factors, fostering unity and coherence in the pursuit of success.
Management is a Distinct Process
Management is a unique and separate process that involves various activities to achieve specific objectives. These activities include planning, organizing, actuating (implementing), and controlling. Through these actions, managers utilize the resources available, including human beings, to accomplish the desired goals of the organization.
Management is distinct because it follows a systematic approach, utilizing different functions to guide and direct the efforts of individuals and resources toward achieving the stated objectives. It provides a structured framework for decision-making and ensures that the organization’s actions are aligned with its goals.
Management is Never Ending Process
Management is an ongoing and perpetual process that continues till the existence of the organization. It involves continuously identifying challenges, devising appropriate strategies, and implementing measures to address them.
It is a dynamic cycle of planning, organizing, directing, and controlling that evolves with the changing needs and circumstances of the organization. Effective management requires constant alertness and adaptability to ensure that the organization stays on track and achieves its goals.
It is a continuous journey of improvement and problem-solving that propels the organization forward in an ever-changing business landscape.