What is Management as a Profession? Definition and Characteristics

What is Management as a Profession?

Management can be considered a profession due to its well-defined body of knowledge that is taught intellectually and with an organizational focus. Over the years, the demand for professionally qualified managers has increased, as the tasks of managers have become more specialized.

However, it is essential to note that management does not fully meet the criteria of a traditional profession, such as having a regulated entry or a specific degree requirement. Nonetheless, obtaining education from reputable management institutes and demonstrating competence, ethics, and experience are valued qualities in the managerial domain.

Ultimately, the professional nature of management lies in its dedicated pursuit of serving others and effectively managing organizational processes.

What is a Profession?

A profession is a specialized occupation that requires in-depth knowledge and expertise in a particular field. Professionals get formal training and education, possess specialized skills, and often adhere to a code of ethics. They provide services to others based on their expertise and experience.

Characteristics of Management as a Profession

As a profession, the followings are some of the characteristics of management.

Related: Management As An Activity

Specialized Knowledge

Management as a profession requires specialized knowledge and expertise in areas such as organizational behavior, strategic planning, financial management, and human resources. Professionals in management possess a deep understanding of these concepts and apply them to their work.

Formal Education and Training

To pursue a career in management, individuals often undergo formal education and training programs such as obtaining a degree or diploma in management. These programs provide a comprehensive understanding of management principles and equip individuals with the necessary skills to excel in their roles.

Ethical Standards

Professionals in management adhere to a code of ethics that guides their behavior and decision-making. They are expected to act with integrity, honesty, and professionalism in interacting with stakeholders, employees, and the community. Ethical considerations are an essential aspect of the management profession.

Responsibility and Accountability

Management professionals are entrusted with the responsibility of overseeing and directing the resources and operations of an organization. They are accountable for the outcomes and results of their decisions and actions. This includes taking responsibility for the well-being of employees, meeting organizational goals, and ensuring compliance with legal and ethical standards.

Careers in Management

The followings are some of the popular careers or positions for management professionals. It’s important to note that salaries can vary significantly depending on individual qualifications, company performance, and market conditions. [Sources: PayScale, Glassdoor, and Bureau of Labor Statistics]

Chief Executive Officer (CEO)

The CEO is the top executive in an organization and is responsible for making major decisions, setting strategic direction, and overseeing the overall operations. According to PayScale, the average annual salary for a CEO is around $156,000 to $402,000, depending on the size and industry of the company.

Management Consultant

Management consultants provide expert advice and solutions to organizations to improve their performance, efficiency, and profitability. They work on a project basis and may earn a significant income. The average annual salary for management consultants ranges from $60,000 to $150,000, depending on experience and specialization.

Financial Manager

Financial managers are responsible for the financial health of an organization, including budgeting, financial analysis, and investment decisions. They ensure the company’s financial goals are met and manage financial risks. The average annual salary for financial managers is around $80,000 to $160,000, depending on the industry and location.

Human Resources Manager

Human resources managers oversee the recruitment, hiring, training, and development of employees within an organization. They also handle employee relations, compensation, and benefits. The average annual salary for human resources managers ranges from $70,000 to $130,000, depending on the size and industry of the company.

Operations Manager

Operations managers are responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operations of a business to ensure efficiency and productivity. They manage resources, improve processes, and optimize workflow. The average annual salary for operations managers is around $60,000 to $120,000, depending on the industry and company size.

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